Srpska pravoslavna crkva danas slavi Srđevdan

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Srpska pravoslavna crkva danas slavi dan Srđevdan. Tačnije, ovaj praznik po crkvenim spisima se obeležava kao Sergij i Vakho i obeležava kao imendan svima onima koji nose muško ime Srđan ili Sergej, kao i žensko ime Srđana. Sudeći prema broju crkava Sv. Sergija i Vakha u primorju i zaleđu južnog Jadrana, Srđevdan je u srednjem veku bio rasprostranjen praznik, sa verovatno znatnim učešćem stanovništva u obeležavanju ove krsne slave.

Zbog pripadnosti hrišćanskoj veri i odbijanja da se poklone rimskim bogovima pogubljeni su u Siriji, gde je njihov kult uspostavljen i odakle se raširio po istoku.

Sam car Maksimilijan je naredio da im se oduzmu vojnička odela i svi znaci časti, dostojanstva i čina. Potom ih je poslao u izgnanstvo u Aziju svom namesniku Antiohu.

Namesnik je pokušao da ih ubedi da se odreknu Hrista da bi sebe spasli beščašća, muka i smrti, ali oba svetitelja ostali su čvrsti u svojoj veri. Sveti Vakho izdahnuo je pod batinama namesnikovih vojnika, a sveti Sergije odmah potom bio je mučen i posečen u gradu Rosafu u Siriji.

Oba ova mučenika i viteza vere Hristove stradali su oko 303. godine.

Sv. Sergije naročito je bio poštovan u gradu Resafi, gde je pogubljen, koji je jedno vreme nosio ime “Sergiopolis“ i u 6. veku bio veliko hodočasničko mesto čitavog Istoka.

Poštovanje kulta Sv. Sergija i Vakha ostalo je i dalje zastupljeno u svojoj postojbini, među hrišćanima Sirije i Libana. Stari je običaj da se na taj dan za ukrašavanje koriste palmine grančice. Na drugim prostorima Bliskog istoka, usled vekovne dominacije islama, njihov kult je zamro kako je nestajalo hrišćanskog stanovništva, pa je većina nekadašnjih crkava pretvorena u džamije.

Na ikonama se Sv. Sergije i Vakho predstavljaju ili u običnim tadašnjim odorama sa krstom i mitrom, znakom mučeništva, ili, što je ređi slučaj, u vojničkoj opremi sa palminim grančicama u rukama.

Slava se obeležava 20. oktobra, odnosno 7. po julijanskom kalendaru, sa obaveznim paljenjem slavske sveće i sečenjem slavskog kolača.

Zemljoradnici (ratari) naročito paze da na Srđevdan ne izlaze sa volovima u polja, jer na taj dan ne valja orati. Veruje se da na taj dan i divlje zveri bivaju pitome i krotke.

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